Joan by Corrado Vanelli
Joan of Arc, nicknamed “The Maid of Orléans" (French: Jeanne d’Arc, ca. 1412 – 30 May 1431), is a folk heroine of France and a Roman Catholic saint. A peasant girl born in what is now eastern France who claimed divine guidance, she led the French army to several important victories during the Hundred Years’ War, which paved the way for the coronation of Charles VII of France. She was captured by the Burgundians, transferred to the English in exchange for money, put on trial by the pro-English Bishop of Beauvais Pierre Cauchon for charges of “insubordination and heterodoxy,” and was burned at the stake for heresy when she was only 19 years old.
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